By Nigel Palastanga, Derek Field and Roger W. Soames (Auth.)
This textbook of anatomy has been designed particularly for college students who desire to use the information in medical events and want a higher realizing of the mechanisms which permit flow to happen. each one part follows an identical development of presentation, with dialogue of the bones, muscle groups and joints and their interplay, nerve blood offer and lymphatic drainage. The utilized anatomy of the musculoskeletal method occupies the larger a part of the ebook, yet sections also are dedicated to human embryology, the outside and its appendages and the constitution and serve as of the apprehensive approach. For readability of presentation, every one web page of textual content faces a web page of illustrations and diagrams. vast cross-referencing among textual content and photographs will extra help knowing of even the main tricky structural and sensible thoughts
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Additional info for Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function
Proximally, the humerus articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula forming the shoulder joint, and dis tally with the radius and ulna forming the elbow joint (Fig. 5). Upper end of the humerus The major feature, proximally, is the head of the humerus with its smooth, rounded articular surface facing upwards, medially and backwards. It is almost hemispherical, being considerably larger than the socket formed by the glenoid fossa. The head is joined to the upper end by the anatomical neck, a slightly constricted region encircling the bone at the articular margin, separating it from the tubercles.
Consequently, damage to it will result in some trauma to the limb. At the beginning of the second month the elbow and knee prominences can be seen projecting laterally and backwards. At about the same time, the hand and foot plates appear as flattened expansions at the end of the limb bud. Between 36 and 38 days, five radiating thickenings forming the fingers and toes can be distinguished. The webs between the thickenings disappear freeing the digits. Appropriate spinal nerves grow down to the limbs; C5, 6, 7, 8 and T l for the upper limb, and L4, 5, S I , 2 and 3 for the lower limb.
The heaping up is due mainly to a medial and backward migration of actively proliferating ectodermal cells which spread laterally and forward between the ectoderm and endoderm layers as intra-embryonic mesoderm (Fig. 2c). At the lateral extremes of this migration, the mesodermal cells become continuous with the extra-embryonic mesoderm (splanchnopleuric) covering the yolk sac and that covering the amnion (somatopleuric). Anteriorly, the embryonic mesodermal cells become continuous across the midline in front of the prochordal plate.
Anatomy and Human Movement. Structure and Function by Nigel Palastanga, Derek Field and Roger W. Soames (Auth.)