Download PDF by Jamie V. Trapp, Tomas Kron: An Introduction to Radiation Protection in Medicine

By Jamie V. Trapp, Tomas Kron

ISBN-10: 1584889640

ISBN-13: 9781584889649

ISBN-10: 1584889659

ISBN-13: 9781584889656

Combining aspects of healthiness physics with medication, An advent to Radiation security in Medicine covers the heritage of the topic and the scientific events the place radiation is the device to diagnose or deal with human affliction. Encouraging beginners to the sector to correctly and successfully functionality in a flexible and evolving paintings surroundings, it familiarizes them with the actual difficulties confronted through the software of ionizing radiation in medication.

The textual content builds a basic wisdom base ahead of supplying functional descriptions of radiation safeguard in medication. It covers uncomplicated matters concerning radiation safeguard, together with the actual technology in the back of radiation security and the radiobiological foundation of radiation security. The textual content additionally provides operational and managerial instruments for organizing radiation defense in a clinical office. next chapters shape the center of the booklet, targeting the perform of radiation safeguard in several clinical disciplines. They discover a variety of person makes use of of ionizing radiation in numerous branches of drugs, together with radiology, nuclear medication, exterior beam radiotherapy, and brachytherapy.

With contributions from skilled training physicists, this booklet offers crucial information regarding facing radiation defense within the speedily transferring and various surroundings of drugs

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Extra info for An Introduction to Radiation Protection in Medicine

Example text

In this reaction the neutron is absorbed into the nucleus and often results in a radioactive species that may emit either a photon or particle as it de-excites. 3 31 Units in Radiation Protection The previous section introduced the fundamentals of radiation interactions with matter. In this section these concepts are progressed to quantify exposure to radiation and the subsequent deposition of radiation energy in matter. 1 Absorbed Dose From a human health perspective, the most important result of radiation interactions with matter is the deposition of energy in tissue.

These are structured in chromatin fibers that form—in irregular spirals—the chromosomes. 4. To make matters more complicated, DNA configuration will change throughout the cell cycle, where DNA is doubled in the S (synthesis) phase before dividing in the M (mitosis) phase. 5 shows the cell cycle, which will be discussed in more detail below. Finally, even when not cycling, the DNA must change geometric conformation to allow transcription of genes. Not all parts of the DNA are associated with genetic information.

Approximately ten ionizations per micrometer, which is about the dimension of a cell nucleus. Compared to the dimensions of the DNA, these are large distances, and the probability of causing two ionization events in one segment of the DNA is small. 8 Ionization events in low- and high-LET radiation tracks illustrated on the scale of a single cell. of a double strand break increases with radiation dose, as the likelihood of two radiation tracks coming close enough to each other increases. This is different for high-LET radiation such as alpha particles.

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An Introduction to Radiation Protection in Medicine by Jamie V. Trapp, Tomas Kron

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