By Chris Lightfoot
Even though much less popular than a few Anatolian websites, it truly is Amorium's value as a tremendous payment after the Roman interval that makes it so vital. The excavation programme's major goal has been to make clear the Byzantine payment that flourished the following until eventually the eleventh century advert. This guidebook is an try and fill in the various gaps within the archaeology, and to carry the town and its background again to existence.
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Extra info for Amorium: A Byzantine City in Anatolia - An Archaeological Guide (Homer Archaeological Guides)
Certainly, the archaeological evidence suggests that parts of the site were reoccupied by the Seljuks, but this may not have occurred in any substantial form until the 13th century AD. Likewise, dated Seljuk buildings in the Afyon region are known only from ca. AD 1210 onwards, and the fact that there is little evidence for the conversion of existing Byzantine buildings into mosques, medreses, or hans after the Turkish occupation suggests a prolonged period of instability and dislocation. At Amorium a break in occupation may also be indicated by the fact that its ancient name disappears, even though it had long been familiar to Arab historians and geographers.
They then occupied Ankara without a struggle, and finally the caliph arrived with all his forces before Amorium on August 1, determined to sack Theophilus’ home town. The siege, although it lasted for only twelve days, is famous and 53 History and Archaeology has received considerable attention from both mediaeval and modern historians. al-Mu‘tassim’s forces, which included a large number of Turks, both mercenaries and slave-soldiers, quickly surrounded the city. The Byzantine defenders likewise manned the walls and prepared to defend the city, confident in their own strength (their numbers included several detachments of the imperial field army as well as the local thematic troops) and, perhaps, in the expectation that Theophilus would come to save his home town.
50 Amorium Two copper alloy coins of Michael II and Theophilus (AD 821-829), found during the excavations. Indeed, the city figures prominently in the pages of Byzantine history throughout the period between the 7th and the early 12th century AD. It was at Amorium that Leo III (AD 717-741) held command as strategos (commander of the provincial army) before he was elevated to the imperial throne in AD 717; it was to Amorium that his son Constantine V fled for safety in AD 741/2 during the revolt of Artavasdos, and it was at the battle of Pankaleia near Amorium that the imperial army was defeated by the rebel Bardas Skleros in AD 978.
Amorium: A Byzantine City in Anatolia - An Archaeological Guide (Homer Archaeological Guides) by Chris Lightfoot