Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 6 by Hayne W. Reese (Ed.) PDF

By Hayne W. Reese (Ed.)

ISBN-10: 0120097060

ISBN-13: 9780120097067

This quantity, one in a chain, bargains with the constitution of developmental concept, recursive platforms, kid's iconic realism, the position of cognition in knowing gender results, the advance of processing pace in youth and youth and extra.

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S. Siegel and Forman (1967) offered a motivational hypothesis for Shepp’s basic phenomenon, on the assumption incentive values might not have been controlled. By using polar reward values from prior scaling (P. S. , 1967), they reasoned that incentive motivation, not physical cue properties of reward, would orient subjects to irrelevant position cues when they were correlated with incentive magnitude. This hypothesis was confirmed when equal and unequal rewards were correlated with position in their study of mental retardates.

K. W. Spence (1956) is more precise in the terminology, two-response selective learning. Logan and Wagner (1965) viewed the stimulus-responsereward sequence as consisting of two learned components: habit, SHR,determined simply by stimulus and response contiguity, and incremental effects upon performance ensuing from incentive learning, JNR. They stated (p. 46), . . It is clear that choice performance depends on incentive learning as well as on habit learning. We have presumed in fact that choice behavior, when the alternative S-R events have been equally experienced, provides a reasonable measure of the relative incentive values of the goal events which have been consequent upon the alternatives.

Results were positive for older children at higher socioeconomic levels where achievement was emphasized with, perhaps, strong internalization of the stimulus word good. The translation of the Gewirtz findings and constructs to incentive and drive is ours, not his. Between groups analyses for satiation level (incentive) and recovery interval (drive) showed independence and additivity in a manner strikingly similar to Black’s formulation and the operational definitions of appetitive drive and reward levels.

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Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Vol. 6 by Hayne W. Reese (Ed.)


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