By James W. Redhouse
The Ottoman Language is the main hugely polished department of the good Turkish tongue, that's spokon, with dialectic diversifications, around the entire breadth, approximately, of the center sector of the continent of Asia, impinging into Europe, even, within the Ottoman provinces, and likewise, in Southern Russia, as much as the frontiers of the outdated state of Poland. The Ottoman language is, in its grammar and vocabulary, essentially Turkish. It has, even if, followed, and maintains a growing number of to undertake, as required, an enormous variety of Arabic, Porsian, and international phrases (Greek, Armenian, Slavonic, Hungarian, Italian, French, English, etc.), including using a number of the grammatical ideas of the Arabic and Porsian, that are given as Turkish principles within the following pages, their beginning being in every one case particular. the nice Turkish language, turkje, Ottoman and non-Ottoman, has been classed, by means of eu writers as one of many " agglutinative" languages ; now not inflTable of Contents Preface ; word on identification of Alphabets xii; bankruptcy I Letters and ORTnooiurnr; part I quantity, Order, Forma, and Names of; Letters 1; Synopsis of Arabic, Greek, and Latin; Letters four; ? II Phonetic Values of Letters, Vowel-Points, Orthographic symptoms, Transliteration, Ottoman Euphony 15; bankruptcy IL Ottoman Accidence; part I Nouns major fifty one; ? II Nouns Adjective GS; ? III Numerals seventy four; , IV Pronouns eighty two; vi; desk of contents; part V Demonstratives 8b; ? VI Interrogatives 89; ? VII Relative Pronouns ninety; ? VIIIDerivation of Verbs ninety two; (Table) ninety four; ? IX Conjugation of Verbs ; Moods; Tenses ;; Participles; Verbal Nouns; Gerunds ninety nine; ? X Numbers aiul Tersons one hundred fifteen ? XI advanced different types of Verbs , 119; ? XII First advanced classification one hundred twenty ? XIII moment ? ? a hundred twenty five; ? XIV 3rd ? 129; ? XV mixed (Turkish) Conjugation 133; ? XVI damaging and Impotential Conjugations , one hundred thirty five; ? XVII Dubitative, power, and Facile Verbs 141; ? XVII I Verb major a hundred and forty four; ?
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Extra info for A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language (Classic Reprint)
One clergyman, Simon Ockley, vicar of Swavesey near Cambridge, spent his spare time in the Cambridge libraries translating works of Arabic theology and scholarship, before embarking on a History of the Saracens, which he published in 1718. 24 It was with the expansion of the merchant companies in India that a better knowledge of Islam was to become the aim of men whose works could not be silenced by contempt and prejudice. Gibbon was discouraged from learning Arabic at Oxford, partly because there was no one who knew the language well enough to teach him.
Observers noted that the recipients seemed to embrace death almost willingly, the decision of the Sultan being accepted as unquestionable, and the last service a man could give his master was to die at his whim. For Christians, this was like doing their duty to God. However they might walk in righteousness, He might chose to cut them off in full flight; and their duty was to accept what seemed to be His will by dying a Good Death. To the outside observer, oriental monarchy demanded unconditional acceptance of a duty to a, not necessarily omniscient, mortal authority in this world, endowed with God-like power to enforce his will.
Despite its flexible, poetic text and its persuasive and reasonable injunctions on morality – in certain translations it reads as irenically as St Francis de Sales’s Introduction to a Devout Life – the Koran had become as repressive and crabbed a repository of moral injunctions as the Old Testament, inhibiting that sense of enquiry that had once made Islamic scholars conquistadors of knowledge. There was the added claim that all that mankind needed to know was to be found in its 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 01_Ottomania_001-018 12/2/10 16:14 Page 12 OTTOMANIA pages, and from this there could be no deviation.
A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language (Classic Reprint) by James W. Redhouse