Download PDF by G. Charlesworth: A History of British Motorways

By G. Charlesworth

ISBN-10: 0727701592

ISBN-13: 9780727701596

In A background of British Motorways, Dr Charlesworth provides a desirable account of ways political and social attitudes referring to motorways have evolved.  He describes the early street regulations earlier than and among the 2 international Wars and is going directly to disguise the development sped up within the Nineteen Sixties; even if, through the Nineteen Seventies objections started to be raised on environmental and social grounds.These, coupled with the oil hindrance of 1973/4 and the final downturn within the financial system, lowered the development that was once being made.

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The complex problems of planning roads in urban areas were also discussed by the conference on highway needs of Great Britain at the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1957,6 where the Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation, after referring to his programme for inter-urban motorways and trunk roads, said that next came the task of eliminating bottle-necks in urban areas by schemes both within and at the approaches to large towns and cities; he made reference to the Stretford-Eccles by-pass which was being built as an urban motorway.

Motorway standards proposed by Aldington in 1945 6 Design speed Formation width Marginal strip Carriageway Verge Central reservation Curves Gradients Lay-bys 75 mile/h (interestingly, Aldington thought it was doubtful whether a driver should expect to travel continuously on a motorway faster than 60 mile/h). For two-lane dual-93 ft. For three-lane dual-109 ft. 1 ft wide at each side of the carriageway, flush with it and of a contrasting colour. Dual two-Iane-22 ft excluding marginal strip. Dual three-Iane-30 ft excluding marginal strip.

In rural areas it was thought that junctions every 10 or 12 miles might prove sufficient, but in developed areas junctions would need to be more frequent and a minimum spacing of 3 miles was generally required. 1. Motorway speeds on straight, level sections: kmlh LondonBirmingham, June 1960 Preston by-pass, May 1960 Germany Netherlands Belgium France Car 95 85 87 85 83 83 Heavy goods (over 30 cwt. multi-axled) 61 53 61 64 56 56 Class of vehicle European motorways, June 1957 these were specified for bridges carrying a motorway, for bridges carrying public highways over a motorway, for accommodation bridges and for footbridges.

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A History of British Motorways by G. Charlesworth

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