By Bina Agarwal
During this complete research of gender and estate all through South Asia, Bina Agarwal argues that crucial fiscal issue affecting girls is the gender hole in command over estate. In rural South Asia, few girls personal land or even fewer keep an eye on it. Drawing on quite a lot of resources, together with box study, the writer addresses the cause of this imbalance, and asks how the boundaries to possession may be triumph over. The ebook bargains unique insights into the present theoretical and coverage debates on land reform and women's prestige.
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Additional info for A Field of One's Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia
24 Afieldof one's own In some regions of India the poor received less than 20 per cent of the land so distributed. 50 A similar process of declining village commons due to illegal encroachments and government redistribution programmes is observed in Pakistan (Cernea 1981). 1 for India), and population growth has compounded the pressure on what remain, speeding their degradation. 51 This has both class and gender implications. The process of privatization has been accompanied by an increasing concentration of previously communal land in the hands of the male members of relatively few households.
3 per cent of the female labour force had regular and salaried employment, about half the workers of both sexes were self-employed, a n d the rest were in casual employment ( G O I 1992a: 133). 26 Afieldof one's own low wage ones. Existing evidence suggests that although in some highly agriculturally prosperous regions, such as Punjab and Haryana, there has been a marked growth in non-farm activities which provide high returns for the self-employed as well as high wages for the wage earners, in agriculturally less-developed regions, where the bulk of the poor are located, low return, low wage activities (which people undertake for distress reasons) are more typical.
Indeed, as will be seen in chapter 5, Indian women of most communities already have considerable legal rights of inheritance (although gender gaps remain on several counts). It is in the implementation of laws that action is especially necessary. 73 million hectares (GOI 1992c). This tallies with the Ministry of Agriculture's method of estimating arable land. The full Plan document has yet to be released. 15 Similarly, although Pakistan's Report of the Working Group on Women's Development Program for the Sixth Plan (1983-88) recommended that all land distributed under the land reform programme should be registered jointly in the names of both spouses, this recommendation was not incorporated into the formal plan document.
A Field of One's Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia by Bina Agarwal