By Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)
A number of essays via a Nobel Prize Laureate on a variety of serious concerns dealing with the realm, and the function of scientists in fixing those difficulties. Kendall has been heavily concerned with the Union of involved Scientists, a gaggle that started as a casual assocation at MIT in 1969 to protest US involvement in Vietnam and is at the present time a firm with an annual price range exceeding $6 million, with 100,000 supporters all over the world. UCD is this day a voice of authority in US govt technology coverage, rather with reference to atmosphere matters, such a lot lately the global projects on international warming. jointly, those essays characterize either the sucessses and screw ups of technology to affect public coverage, the demanding situations dealing with scientists, and gives sensible instructions for involvement in technological know-how coverage. The essays are approximately chronological, prepared by way of topic with introductions, starting with the controversies on nuclear energy protection and 3 Mile Island,then by means of sections on nationwide safeguard matters, international environmental and source problems,and radioactive cleanup and different present concerns. Kendall's Nobel Prize lecture in addition to a extra well known model thereof can also be integrated (and is the single relatively technical fabric within the book). The photographs within the e-book are Kendall's, from an 1992 exhibition of his paintings. Henry Kendall used to be offered the Nobel Prize in physics (jointly with J.I.Friedman and R.E. Taylor) in 1990 for his learn within the constitution of the proton and netron. In 1969, he was once certainly one of a bunch of physicist who based the Union of involved Scientists (UCS) and is at present Chairman of its Board of Directors.
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Our safety lies, and lies exclusively, in making public decisions subject to the test of public debate. What cannot survive public debate-we must not do. -John Kenneth Galbraith Introduction The nation faces a growing electric power shortage whose roots lie in an everincreasing per capita demand for electricity to support our rising standard of living and in a burgeoning population whose ize is expected to grow by 50% in the next 30 years. Our electric power problems are aggravated by an increasing reluctance on the part of the public to permit the construction of environmentally damaging fossil-fuel plants.
MacKenzie, Union of Concerned Scientists, 1972. From Environment 14(1) 40-47 (JanuarylFebruary 1972). Reprinted with permission of the Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation. Published by Heldref Publications, 1319 18th S1. , Washington, DC 20036-1802. Copyright © 1972. H. W. 2000 38 NUCLEAR POWER Emergency cooling sprinkler Hot Water Pump Figure 1. A nuclear reactor, the heart of a nuclear electric power plant, is shown in simplified form. The reactor's fuel, or core, is represented by the long oblongs in the center of the drawing.
These reactors are called "light-water reactors," and it is this type that we shall be concerned with in this document. There are presently 21 operating light-water power reactors in the United States, 56 more under construction, and 44 others are in planning and design stages. By the year 1980 there will be more than 100 reactors operating singly and in clusters across the country, with a total electrical generating capacity of 150,000 megawatts of electricity. Nuclear reactors have some unique problems associated with their operation that are unlike those accompanying any other source of energy.
A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy by Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)