By Bulent Gokay
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The Armenian Genocide used to be one of many maximum atrocities of the 20th century, an episode during which as much as 1. five million Armenians misplaced their lives. during this significant new heritage, the well known historian Raymond Kévorkian offers an authoritative account of the origins, occasions and results of the years 1915 and 1916. He considers the position that the Armenian Genocide performed within the building of the Turkish country kingdom and Turkish id, in addition to exploring the ideologies of energy, rule and country violence. Crucially, he examines the implications of the violence opposed to the Armenians, the results of deportations and makes an attempt to convey those that devoted the atrocities to justice.
Kévorkian deals a close and meticulous list, offering an authoritative research of the occasions and their impression upon the Armenian neighborhood itself, in addition to the advance of the Turkish kingdom. this crucial publication will function an integral source to historians of the interval, in addition to these wishing to appreciate the background of genocidal violence extra generally.
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Extra resources for A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923
The Alevi group who in their own evaluation was closer to being religious was about 14 percentage points smaller, at 68 percent, than the non-Alevi community. Looking further into the demographic components of self-evaluated religiosity across different groups, we observed that low education, rural settlements, right-wing ideological orientation, women, and those of a non-Kurdish ethnic background were all associated with a higher-than-country average score in self-evaluated religiosity values.
In the words of Kemal Karpat, conservatism “has stressed adherence to religious values, and social customs and traditions, as opposed to reasoning and rational inference in reforming the established institutions and practices of sociopolitical life. ”5 In Turkey, muhafazakarlık (conservatism) has often been employed to Change, Reform, and Fear ● 25 signal another “m” word—Müslüman (Muslim). It is not possible to know whether it is conservatism that promotes Islam or vice versa in the Turkish context, though there is little doubt that the two belief systems coincide, cohere, and often reinforce each other.
While nearly half of the sample agrees to having restaurants and coffeehouses closed until the breaking of the Ramadan fast, about one out of four disagrees with this position. Similarly, nearly half of the sample (46 percent) agrees with sending their children to religious Imam Hatip Schools (high schools for imam and preacher training), while 28 percent object to such an idea. When it came to the statement suggesting that girls and boys should not attend classes together in schools, we observed a large group in disagreement (45 percent), while only about 31 percent of the respondents agreed with the statement.
A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923 by Bulent Gokay