Get A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and PDF

By Bulent Gokay

This booklet bargains with the aftermath of the ""Great Game"" - the protracted fight among Britain and Russia for impact within the heart jap and critical Asian lands that bordered the increasing Russian empire of the late-19th century. It covers a interval that used to be an important within the sleek political historical past of the entire region from Thrace to the Caucasus, displaying how an alliance among Turkish nationalism and Bolshevism pressured Britain to acknowledge that it didn't have the manpower and assets to consolidate the spoils of its victory after global warfare I. It additionally presents ancient heritage to the present geopolitical pursuits of either Turkey and Russia within the war-torn Caucasus.

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Extra resources for A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923

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The Alevi group who in their own evaluation was closer to being religious was about 14 percentage points smaller, at 68 percent, than the non-Alevi community. Looking further into the demographic components of self-evaluated religiosity across different groups, we observed that low education, rural settlements, right-wing ideological orientation, women, and those of a non-Kurdish ethnic background were all associated with a higher-than-country average score in self-evaluated religiosity values.

In the words of Kemal Karpat, conservatism “has stressed adherence to religious values, and social customs and traditions, as opposed to reasoning and rational inference in reforming the established institutions and practices of sociopolitical life. ”5 In Turkey, muhafazakarlık (conservatism) has often been employed to Change, Reform, and Fear ● 25 signal another “m” word—Müslüman (Muslim). It is not possible to know whether it is conservatism that promotes Islam or vice versa in the Turkish context, though there is little doubt that the two belief systems coincide, cohere, and often reinforce each other.

While nearly half of the sample agrees to having restaurants and coffeehouses closed until the breaking of the Ramadan fast, about one out of four disagrees with this position. Similarly, nearly half of the sample (46 percent) agrees with sending their children to religious Imam Hatip Schools (high schools for imam and preacher training), while 28 percent object to such an idea. When it came to the statement suggesting that girls and boys should not attend classes together in schools, we observed a large group in disagreement (45 percent), while only about 31 percent of the respondents agreed with the statement.

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A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918-1923 by Bulent Gokay

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