By Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel
This booklet is an review of the historical past of ethnology when it comes to its highbrow growth, as such, instead of the existence histories of many of the personalities contain. The identify used to be selected to signify that the main predicament is the conflict, combine, syntheses, and rejection of principles themselves, as they with regards to yes significant difficulties within the theoretical improvement of the self-discipline. probably this feels like an visible objective, yet simply because this type of selectivity is actually strange, an explication is required
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Today, we accord to Darwin and thus "Darwinism" the theory of natural selection and adaptation. 12 In Darwin's own day, however, much more excitement was caused by his idea of man's kinship with other animals and perhaps above all (certainly among religious Christians of the time) by the idea of evolution itself—ascent from low to high estate as opposed to the "degradation theory" that primitive peoples had fallen from a state of grace. Morgan, it is apparent from his writings, accepted evolution only in this very general sense of progress from low beginnings to higher states of technology, thought, morality, and so on.
32 TO SET THE STAGE about. 1 4 But John F. McLennan's later criticism attracted more attention and exasperated Morgan more, so m u c h so that he devoted a 12page appendix in Ancient Society to debating him. The development of Morgan's thought about the significance of classificatory kinship was not complete until he finally wrote Ancient Society. In it he described his full theory of the nature of social evolution, which included not only kinship terminology and forms of marriage but stages of social organization in general and of government, and even the relation of the rise of private property to this complex evolution.
The Punaluan Family, founded on the intermarriage of several sisters, own and collateral, with each others' husbands, in a group; but the husbands need not be kinsmen. If a group of brothers have wives in common, the wives need not be kin. It is still "group marriage," in either case. 3. The Syndyasmian or Pairing Family, founded on marriage between single pairs but without exclusive cohabitation. 4. The Patriarchal Family, founded on the marriage of one man to several wives. 5. The Monogamian Family, founded on the marriage of single pairs with exclusive cohabitation.
A Century of Controversy. Ethnological Issues from 1860 to 1960 by Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel