Download e-book for iPad: A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

ISBN-10: 0691134529

ISBN-13: 9780691134529

On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed remarkable ethnic and cultural variety one of the envisioned thirty million humans dwelling inside of its borders. It used to be probably the main cosmopolitan nation within the world--and very likely the main risky. a quick historical past of the past due Ottoman Empire now provides students and normal readers a concise background of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked via superb social switch. relocating prior ordinary remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes huge ancient tendencies and methods greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and international powers. He seems to be heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu exhibits how this heritage is not just necessary to comprehending sleek Turkey, yet is critical to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to existence in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial records and different records from the interval to explain it because it really was once, no longer because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a quick heritage of the overdue Ottoman Empire is a must-read for somebody looking to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the area nonetheless grapples with this present day.

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But no, ethnic consciousness comparable to modern nationalism existed to an appreciable degree within any of the communities of the empire. In any event, the religious order of society was to crumble over the course of the nineteenth century in the face of the rise of ethnic nationalism. Nationalist leaders would then attempt to sever ties to their larger religious communities and form national religious institutions. Bulgarian nationalists, for example, would struggle against the domination of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate and form the autocephalous Bulgarian Exarchate.

But the significance of proto-nationalist ideas in the instigation of early nineteenth-century revolts should not be exaggerated. Neither the new constitution project of Rigas Velestinlis-Pheraios (1797), which envisioned for the subject peoples of European Turkey a Pan-Balkan government based on the principles of the French Revolution, nor the Slavo-Bulgarian history of Paisii Hilandarski (1762), who celebrated the glorious Slavic past of the Bulgarians, can be considered true progenitors of national liberation.

Beginning in the sixteenth century, and based on some famous fatwās of Şeyhülislâm Mehmed Ebu’ssu

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A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

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